Computer data keeps on increasing as time goes on, but the space on the hard disk drive doesn’t. This calls for secondary storage in order to store more files. Optical disks form the perfect secondary storage devices. Optical disks are loaded into optical drives which are able to read and write on the disks. The drives use laser light or electromagnetic waves to read and write on the disks. Drives come in different types. Some can only read, while others can read and write. Some only read a particular type of disks, while others read all types of disks. The types of disks available in the market include Compact Disks or CDs, Digital Versatile Disks or DVDs, and Blu-ray disks. For example, a CD drive cannot read or write a DVD disk or a Blu-ray disk, but a DVD drive can read both CDs and DVD disks. A Blu-ray player can read and write all CDs, DVDs, and Blu-ray disks.
The different types of disks have different storage space in them. Compact Disks have a capacity of 700 Megabytes only, Digital Versatile Disks have a storage capacity of 4.7 Gigabytes, and Blu-ray Disks have a storage space of 25 Gigabytes on a single layer, and a single disk can have a maximum of four layers which translates to 150 Gigabytes.
The data is stored in a binary format in the disks.. The disks are made of plastic coated with a thin sheet of metal. The metal sheet is where data is stored. There are two major categories of disks; permanent data storage normally referred to ROM (Read Only Memory) and editable data storage referred to as RW (Re-Writable).
The good thing with optical disks is that they are long lasting, they can store a lot of data in one disk, and the data is easily retrievable. The disadvantages that come with optical disks is that they are very delicate and the information stored can easily be distorted.
The optical disc is one of the storage devices that have been around for a while. For a very long time now, people have turned to this storage device to help them store their information and data. When the discs were first made, they were meant to deal with storage of computer software and music. Today however, these discs are known to store all sorts of things. The original disc format included a laserdisc that stored analog video signals and this was mainly for purposes of the home video. This idea however was not as successful since the VHS videocassette was a more viable solution. The very first discs were not able to work with digital video formats.
The transformation of the optical disc through the various generations is proof that storage of data and information is something that has been around for a very long time. It is just that the storage was done in another way. Some of the various formats included DVDs, Super Audio CDs, Ultra Density Optical, Enhanced Versatile Disc as well as the Universal Media Disc.
Over the years, there have been several discoveries meant to offer more and better changes to the idea of storage. Each of these discoveries has had some kind of addition to the positivity with which people receive the use of the optical disc. Today, there are more and more people turning to other methods of storage that are easier to use and have more capacity. However, these discs are still very much in use as they are the traditional storage means. Some people are actually quite traditional that they prefer to use these discs despite the fact that almost everyone else wants to switch to the newer and more common methods of storage. This is why these discs will continue to offer their storage benefits to people in the world despite the fact that they are regarded rather traditional.